2023 was another crucial year for China-Indonesia relations. Cooperation continued to grow across various dimensions. While politics and the economy remained focal points in the ties between China and Indonesia, the year also witnessed discussions on new issues in both Beijing and Jakarta. These included cooperation in the renewable energy sector, Indonesia’s potential membership in BRICS, and mapping the future direction of Indonesia’s foreign policy towards China in light of the upcoming presidential election in 2024. Despite progress, several obstacles persisted. The South China Sea remains a major challenge, alongside concerns about the conditions of workers in Chinese projects and the environmental impact of Chinese investments. This book seeks to comprehend the dynamics in the China-Indonesia relationship throughout 2023. It examines pivotal episodes in Beijing-Jakarta cooperation from the past year and offers recommendations for government actors, business stakeholders, and other relevant parties to ensure mutually beneficial relationships between both countries.